Tuesday, May 23, 2023

Rule of Law and Literary Deaths

Patient M: The Man Who Was Shot in The Head And Woke Up Seeing The World BackwardsScienceAlert. Chuck L: “A 20th century Phineas Gage.”

Mosquitoes are most attracted to a chemical compound present in butter, cheeses and yogurts. Their deterrents can be a chemical found in plants, including cannabis. Business Insider

The Hottest Online Game: Hunting for Classified Documents

Government secrets leaked on Discord have become fodder for users seeking fun and attention – “Videogame enthusiasts are scouring popular social-media platforms in the hope of finding classified U.S. military documents, turning the recent national-security crisis over leaked secrets into a global scavenger hunt.

 The competition pits online users eager to see secrets against the U.S. government, which wants to keep those secrets off the internet. At issue are a cache of sensitive military documents that the Justice Department alleges Jack Teixeira, a 21-year-old member of the Massachusetts Air National Guard, posted on Discord, a platform that allows gamers to gather and communicate online.

 The documents first began showing up last year on a Discord group—known as a server—and remained unnoticed for months until some of them were reposted to other larger servers and platforms, eventually finding their way to the media, garnering public and U.S. government attention. Airman Teixeira has been charged with unauthorized retention and transmission of national defense information and unauthorized removal and retention of classified documents or material.

 He hasn’t entered a plea.  The exact number of documents that ended up online is unclear, since many users scrubbed their profiles and deleted posts after the leaks became public. Prosecutors have indicated that there could be additional documentsthat haven’t yet publicly surfaced…”

 Rule of Law https://ssrn.com/abstract=4405238 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4405238– “The concept of the rule of law is invoked for purposes that are both numerous and diverse, and that concept is often said to overlap with, or to require, an assortment of other practices and ideals, including democracy, free elections, free markets, property rights, and freedom of speech. It is best to understand the concept in a more specific way, with a commitment to seven principles:

 (1) clear, general, publicly accessible rules laid down in advance; 

(2) prospectivity rather than retroactivity;

 (3) conformity between law on the books and law in the world; (4) hearing rights; 

(5) some degree of separation between (a) law-making and law enforcement and (b) interpretation of law;

 (6) no unduly rapid changes in the law; and 

(7) no contradictions or palpable inconsistency in the law. This account of the rule of law conflicts with those offered by (among many others) Friedrich Hayek and Morton Horwitz, who conflate the idea with other, quite different ideas and practices. 

Of course it is true that the seven principles can be specified in different ways, broadly compatible with the goal of describing the rule of law as a distinct concept, and some of the seven principles might be understood to be more fundamental than others.

       Sibylle Lewitscharoff (1954-2023) 

       German author Sibylle Lewitscharoff has passed away; see, for example, Tilman Krause's piece in Die Welt

       Two of her novels are under review at the complete review-- Apostoloff and Blumenberg; see also the Suhrkamp foreign rights author page

      Luis Chitarroni (1958-2023) 

       Argentine author Luis Chitarroni has passed away; see, for example, Walter Lezcano's piece, Murió Luis Chitarroni, el genial escritor que encontró en la erudición una forma de generosidad in Clarín

       The only one of his works under review at the complete review is The No Variations

Dževad Karahasan (1953-2023)

       Dževad Karahasan (1953-2023) 

       Bosnian author Dževad Karahasan has passed away; see, for example, the Sarajevo Times piece, BiH Famous Writer Dzevad Karahasan has passed away

       Very little of his work has neem translated into English, but see the Suhrkamp foreign rights author page for an overview of many of them. 
       I have the German translation of his Omar Khayyam-novel, Što pepeo priča -- see the Suhrkamp foreign rights page-- and hope to finally get to it.