Wednesday, April 10, 2024

Toni Morrison wrote hundreds of rejection letters

As an editor, Toni Morrison wrote hundreds of rejection letters – long, generous, critical, and freshly unearthed from the archive... more »

"No matter how many books, articles, Tweets, and TikToks I’d gobbled up, it had apparently eluded me that no one was ever going to say I’d produced enough"... more »

Weather weather and more turbulent pattern of climate 

Everest climbers will have to take their poop away with them, as Nepal tries to address growing waste problem CNN 

Venting Doesn’t Reduce Anger, But Something Else Does, Study Finds ScienceAlert

Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition © 2014 American Psychological Association 2014, Vol. 40, No. 4, 1142–115 American Psychological Association – Give Your Ideas Some Legs: The Positive Effect of Walking on Creative Thinking. Marily Oppezzo and Daniel L. Schwartz, Stanford University. “Four experiments demonstrate that walking boosts creative ideation in real time and shortly after. 

In Experiment 1, while seated and then when walking on a treadmill, adults completed Guilford’s alternate uses (GAU) test of creative divergent thinking and the compound remote associates (CRA) test of convergent thinking. 

Walking increased 81% of participants’ creativity on the GAU, but only increased 23% of participants’ scores for the CRA. 

In Experiment 2, participants completed the GAU when seated and then walking, when walking and then seated, or when seated twice. Again, walking led to higher GAU scores. Moreover, when seated after walking, participants exhibited a residual creative boost. 

Experiment 3 generalized the prior effects to outdoor walking. 

Experiment 4 tested the effect of walking on creative analogy generation. Participants sat inside, walked on a treadmill inside, walked outside, or were rolled outside in a wheelchair. Walking outside produced the most novel and highest quality analogies. The effects of outdoor stimulation and walking were separable. Walking opens up the free flow of ideas, and it is a simple and robust solution to the goals of increasing creativity and increasing physical activity.”